# Case study:

The relation between the height of the plant(‘y’ in cm) with respect to its exposure to the sunlight is governed by the following equation , where ‘x’ is the number of days exposed to the sunlight, for x ≤ 3.

(i) Find the rate of growth of the plant with repect to the number of days exposed to the sunlight.

(ii) Does the rate of growth of the plant increase or decrease in the first three days ? what will be the height of the plant after 2 days ?

(iii) What is the number of days it will take for the plant to grow to the maximum height ?

(iv) What is the maximum height of the plant ?

## Solution:

Given that, , where ‘x’ is the number of days exposed to the sunlight, for x ≤ 3.

(i) The rate of growth of the plant with respect to the number of days exposed to sunlight is given by (ii) Let rate of growth be represented by the function Now, Hence g(x) decreases.

So the rate of growth of the plant decreases for the first three days.

Height of the plant after 2 days is = 8 – 2 = 6 cm.

(iii) Since, For maxima and minima 4 – x = 0

⇒ x = 4

Again differentiate with respect to x Hence, height of the plant is maximum when x = 4 cm.

Plant get maximum height  in 4 days

(iv) For maximum height of the plant putting x = 4 in Now, = 16 – 8 = 8 cm

## Case study:

Dr. Ritam residing to Delhi went to see an apartment of 3 BHK in Noida. The window of the house was in the form of a rectangle surmounted by a semicircular opening having a perimeter of the window 10 m as shown in figure. Dr. Ritam residing to Delhi went to see an apartment of 3 BHK in Noida.

(i) If x and y represents the length and breadth of the recangular region, then the relation between the variable is

(a) (b) (c) (d) 2x + 2y = 10

(ii) The area of the window (A) expressed as a function of x is

(a) (b) (c) (d) (iii) Dr. Ritam is interested in maximising the area of the whole window. For this to happen the value of x should be

(a) 20/π                         (b) 20/(4-π)

(c) 20/(2+π)                  (d) 20/(4+π)

(iv) For maximum value of A, the breadth of rectangular part of window is

(a) 20/(4+π)                 (b) 20/π

(c) 10/(4+π)                   (d) 5/(2+π)

(v) The maximum area of window is

(a) sq.m              (b) sq.m

(c) sq.m         (d) sq.m 