# Case study problem determinant 1 chapter 4 class 12

## Case study Chapter 4 (Determinant)

Case study 1:–Â  Read the following and answer the questions(Case study problem determinant 1)

Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â Three friends Rahul, Ravi and Rakesh went to a vegetable market to purchase vegetable. From a vegetable shop Rahul purchased 1 kg of each potato, onion and Brinjal for a total of â‚¹ 21. Ravi purchased 4 kg of potato, 3 kg of onion and 2 kg of Brijal for â‚¹ 60 while Rakesh purchased 6 kg potato, 2 kg onion and 3 kg Brinjal for â‚¹70

(i) If the cost of potato, onion and Brinjal are â‚¹ x, â‚¹y and â‚¹z per kg respectively, then algebraic representation of given situation of problem is

(a) x + y + z = 6, x + y + 3z = 11, 3x + 2y + z = 2

(b) x + y + z = 21, 4x + 3y + 2z = 60, 6x + 2y + 3z = 70

(c) 2x + 3y + z = 21, x + y + z = 60, x + 2y + z = 70

(d) x + y + z = 70, 4x + 2y + 2z = 21, 6x + 2y + 3z =6

(ii) The algebraic representation obtained in question (i) is represented in matrix-system as

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

(iii) If Ax = B, where A, X, B are matrix then X should beÂ

(a) X = ABÂ  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  (b) X = BA

(c) Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â (d)

(iv) If Â then is

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

(v) The cost of potato, onion and Brinjal are

(a) â‚¹5,â‚¹8 and â‚¹8Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â (b) â‚¹4,â‚¹8 and â‚¹11

(c) â‚¹4,â‚¹11 and â‚¹10Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  (d) â‚¹4,â‚¹8 and â‚¹15

From question

For Rahul x + y + z = 21

For Ravi 4x + 3y + 2z = 60

For Rakesh 6x + 2y + 3z = 70

Therefore algebraic representaion is

x + y + z = 21

4x + 3y + 2z = 60

6x + 2y + 3z = 70

The given algebraical system of linear question can be written in matrix system as

AX = B

where, A is coefficient matrix

X is variable matrix

and B is a constant matrix

We have AX = B

Pre multiplying by on both sides, we have

We have

Now,

We have

Hence x = 5, y = 5, and z = 8

Cost of potato,onion and brinjal are â‚¹5, â‚¹8 and â‚¹8.

## Some other Case study problem

Case study 2:- Read the following and answer the question(Case study problem determinant 2)

Â  Â  Â  Â  Â Reshma wants to donate a rectangular plot of land for a school of her village. When she was asked by construction agency to give dimensions of the plot, she said that if its length is decreased by 50 m and breadth is increased by 50m, then its area will remain same, but if length is decreased by 10 m and breadth is decreased by 20m, then its area will decreased by 5300 mÂ².

(i) If length of recangular plot of land be x m and breadth y m then the situation described in problem may be written in system of linear equation as

Case study 3:– Read the following and answer the question(Case study problem determinant 3 )

Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  The monthly incomes of two sister Reshma and Ritam are in the ratio 3:4 and their monthly expenditures are in the ratio 5;7. Each sister saves â‚¹ 15,000 per month.

Case study 4:– Read the following and answer the question(Case study problem determinant 4)

Â  Â On the occasion of children’s day. Class teacher of class XII shri singh, decided to donate some money to students of class XII.

Â  Â  Â  If there were 8 studens less, every one would have got â‚¹10 more, however if there were 16 students more, everyone would have got â‚¹10 less.

Case study 5:– In coaching institutes, the students not only get academic guidance but also they get to know about career options and right goals as per their interest and academic record.(Case study problem determinant 5)

A coaching institute conduct classes in two sections A and Band fees for rich and poor children are different. In section A, there are 20 poor and 5 rich children and total monthly collection is â‚¹9,000, whereÂ  as in section B, there are 5 poor and 25 rich children and total monthly collection is â‚¹ 26, 000.

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